Don King, on Mike Tyson

"Why would anyone expect him to come out smarter?
He went to prison, not to Princeton."

"To me, boxing is like a ballet, except there's no music
and the dancers hit each other."

Saturday, December 29, 2012

Pacquiao vs Erik Morales 1 - YouTube GREAT!!!

Pacquiao vs Erik Morales 1 - YouTube

Thursday, December 27, 2012

Pacquiao/Marquez IV

Accusations of performance enhancing drugs...

Juan M Marquez trains with admitted steroid dealer Angel "Memo" Heredia (Heredia testified he supplied PEDs to Marion Jones).

HBO 24/7 Pacquiao/Marquez IV - Episode 3 (Part 2 of 2) - YouTube

Sunday, December 23, 2012

Fine Hands, Fists of Fury | University of Utah News

Our Hands Evolved for Punching, not Just Dexterity

Dec. 19, 2012 – Men whacked punching bags for a University of Utah study that suggests human hands evolved not only for the manual dexterity needed to use tools, play a violin or paint a work of art, but so men could make fists and fight.

Compared with apes, humans have shorter palms and fingers and longer, stronger, flexible thumbs – features that have been long thought to have evolved so our ancestors had the manual dexterity to make and use tools.

“The role aggression has played in our evolution has not been adequately appreciated,” says University of Utah biology Professor David Carrier, senior author of the study, scheduled for publication Dec. 19 by the Journal of Experimental Biology.

“There are people who do not like this idea, but it is clear that compared with other mammals, great apes are a relatively aggressive group, with lots of fighting and violence, and that includes us,” Carrier says. “We’re the poster children for violence.”

Humans have debated for centuries “about whether we are, by nature, aggressive animals,” he adds. “Our anatomy holds clues to that question. If we can understand what our anatomy has evolved to do, we’ll have a clearer picture of who we were in the beginning, and whether aggression is part of who we are.”

Carrier agrees that human hands evolved for improved manual dexterity, but adds that “the proportions of our hands also allow us to make a fist,” protecting delicate hand bones, muscles and ligaments during hand-to-hand combat.

As our ancestors evolved, “an individual who could strike with a clenched fist could hit harder without injuring themselves, so they were better able to fight for mates and thus more likely to reproduce,” he says. Fights also were for food, water, land and shelter to support a family, and “over pride, reputation and for revenge,” he adds.

“If a fist posture does provide a performance advantage for punching, the proportions of our hands also may have evolved in response to selection for fighting ability, in addition to selection for dexterity,” Carrier says.

So Carrier and study co-author Michael H. Morgan – a University of Utah medical student – conducted their study to identify any performance advantages a human fist may provide during fighting.

The research was funded by the National Science Foundation.

Three Experiments and the Findings

The first experiment tested the hypothesis that humans can hit harder with a fist. So, Carrier and Morgan had 10 male students and nonstudents – ages 22 to 50 and all of them with boxing or martial arts experience – hit a punching bag as hard as they could.

Each subject delivered 18 hits, or three of each for six kinds of hits: overhead hammer fists and slaps, side punches and slaps, and forward punches and palm shoves. The bag was instrumented to allow calculation of the force of the punches and slaps.

To the researchers’ surprise, the peak force was the same, whether the bag was punched with a fist or slapped with an open hand. However, a fist delivers the same force with one-third of the surface area as the palm and fingers, and 60 percent of the surface area of the palm alone. So the peak stress delivered to the punching bag – the force per area – was 1.7 to three times greater with a fist strike compared with a slap.

“Because you have higher pressure when hitting with a fist, you are more likely to cause injury” to tissue, bones, teeth, eyes and the jaw, Carrier says.

The second and third experiments – which each also involved 10 male subjects – tested the hypothesis that a fist provides buttressing to protect the hand during punching.

To do that, the researchers measured the stiffness of the knuckle joint of the first finger, and how force is transferred from the fingers to the thumb. Both measurements were made with normal, buttressed fists or when partial fists were not buttressed.

Humans buttress – strengthen and stabilize – fists in two ways that apes cannot: The pads of the four fingertips touch the pads at the top of the palm closest to the fingers. And the thumb wraps in front of the index and middle fingers, and to some extent the ring finger, and those fingers are locked in place by the palm at the base of the thumb.

To measure stiffness of the second knuckle joint, the study’s 10 male subjects slowly pushed a pressure transducer, with clenched fists or with fingers bent but the fist unclenched. Researchers measured the force and also how much the index finger flexed.

Force transfer from fingers to the thumb also was measured, but in this case the subjects got in a one-handed pushup position, with their knuckles pushing down on a block placed on a different force transducer.

The second and third experiments found that buttressing provided by the human fist increased the stiffness of the knuckle joint fourfold (or reduced flexing fourfold), and also doubled the ability of the fingers to transmit punching force, mainly due to the force transferred from the fingers to the thumb when the fist is clenched.

“Because the experiments show the proportions of the human hand provide a performance advantage when striking with a fist, we suggest that the proportions of our hands resulted, in part, from selection to improve fighting performance,” Carrier says.

Carrier notes that besides dexterity and aggression, a third theory to explain the proportions of human hands also may be true: Natural selection for walking and running among human ancestors led to shorter toes and a longer big toe – and the responsible genes also led to shorter fingers and longer thumbs.

How Selection Favored Fists and Aggression

Apes’ elongated fingers and hands evolved so they could climb trees.

“The standard argument is that once our ancestors came out of the trees, the selection for climbing was gone, so selection for manipulation became dominant, and that’s what changed the shape of our ancestors’ hands,” Carrier says. “Human-like hand proportions appear in the fossil record at the same time our ancestors started walking upright 4 million to 5 million years ago. An alternative possible explanation is that we stood up on two legs and evolved these hand proportions to beat each other.”

Carrier says that if manual dexterity was the only driving force, humans could have evolved manual dexterity with longer thumbs without the fingers and palms getting shorter. But, he adds, “there is only one way you can have a buttressed, clenched fist: the palms and fingers got shorter at the same time the thumb got longer.”

Morgan and Carrier cite other arguments that fighting helped shape human hands:

– No ape hits with a clenched fist other than humans. Gorilla hands are closer in proportion to human hands than are other apes’ hands – a paradox since chimps are better known for tool-making and dexterity. So Morgan and Carrier also believe aggression was a factor in the evolution of gorillas’ hands.

– Humans use fists as threat displays. “If you are angry, the reflexive response is to form a fist,” Carrier says. “If you want to intimidate somebody, you wave your fist.” – Sexual dimorphism – a difference in body size between males and females – is greater if there is more male-male competition in a primate species. “Look at humans and gorillas. The difference between the sexes is mainly in the upper body and the arms, and especially the hands,” Carrier says. “It’s consistent with the hand being a weapon.”

Carrier and Morgan write that the human hand is paradoxical.

“It is arguably our most important anatomical weapon, used to threaten, beat and sometimes kill to resolve conflict,” they say. “Yet it is also the part of our musculoskeletal system that crafts and uses delicate tools, plays musical instruments, produces art, conveys complex intentions and emotions, and nurtures.”

“More than any other part of our anatomy, the hand represents the identity of Homo sapiens. Ultimately, the evolutionary significance of the human hand may lie in its remarkable ability to serve two seemingly incompatible but intrinsically human functions.”





University of Utah medical student Michael H. Morgan strikes a punching bag that was used by Morgan and university biology Professor David Carrier in a study that suggests human hands evolved for fighting with fists, not just for the manual dexterity needed to use tools, play musical instruments and paint artworks.

Photo Credit: Lee J. Siegel, University of Utah
Compared with a chimpanzee hand, at left, the human hand, at right, has shorter fingers and palms and a longer, stronger more flexible thumb. That not only allows fine manipulation of tools and other objects, but allows humans to make a clenched fist, which apes cannot. A new University of Utah study argues that human hands evolved not only for manual dexterity, but for fighting.

Photo Credit: Denise Morgan for the University of Utah
These three views of a clenched human fist show how we buttress the fist to reduce the chance of hand injury when punching. The four fingertip pads touch the pads at the top of the palm, and the thumb wraps in front of the second, third and part of the fourth finger, which are locked in place by the palm at the base of the thumb.

A new University of Utah study showed how a fist punch provides a performance advantage compared with an open hand slap, suggesting human hands evolved for fighting as well as for manual dexterity.

Photo Credit: Denise


Fine Hands, Fists of Fury | University of Utah News

2012-12-22 Tomasz Adamek vs Steve Cunningham - NBC - High Definition - YouTube

2012-12-22 Tomasz Adamek vs Steve Cunningham - NBC - High Definition - YouTube

Saturday, December 15, 2012

Manny Pacquiao vs. Renato Mendones

uploaded on May 5, 2011


A very young 16 year-old and raw Manny Pacquiao showcasing his talent. 

By this time his power in his left hand is already apparent. 

In this fight he gave Mendones a powerful left hook, (like what Ricky Hatton had), which changed the outcome of the fight.

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PACQUIAO vs. BRADLEY (Realino's View):
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16 year-old Manny Pacquiao vs. Renato Mendones [Refurbished by Realino] - YouTube

Sunday, December 9, 2012

Finally!!!! Marquez stuns Pacquiao in sixth

This fight will go down as one of the great fights of all time because both fighters are in the top fighters of all time category.  Martques has chased Pacquiao in 5 weight classes looking for the win he deserved in the the previous 3 fights...  They may fight again according to Bob Arum and after such an exciting fight, why not?  The physical toll they have taken on each other may rival any of the great rivalries like Ali-Frazier....

Hi-res-158016492_crop_exact Juan Manuel Marquez finally got a victory over Manny Pacquiao.
                                                                 Al Bello/Getty Images

Referee Kenny Bayless, center, sends...
Photo by AP

LAS VEGAS — Juan Manuel Marquez knocked Manny Pacquiao out cold with a vicious right hand at the end of the sixth round last night, putting a ferocious end to the fourth fight between the two boxers.

Pacquiao had been down in the third round but knocked Marquez down in the fifth and the two were exchanging heavy blows in the sixth round before Marquez threw a right hand that flattened Pacquiao face down on the canvas at 2:59 of the sixth round.

The referee waved the fight to an end as Marquez celebrated and the sold-out crowd at the MGM erupted. Pacquiao was down for about two minutes before his handlers managed to get him up.

Pacquiao was expected to make more than $20 million by the time the pay-per-view receipts are totaled, while promoter Bob Arum said Marquez could make as much as $6 million.
All three fights — Pacquiao won the last two — were so close they could have gone either way. And had they gone the other way, boxing history may have changed.
  Hi-res-6832420_crop_exact USA TODAY Sports



Al Bello/Getty Images

 Al Bello/Getty Images

Al Bello/Getty Images

Manny Pacquiao took a vicious punch to the head that ended his fight with Juan Manuel Marquez in the sixth round and the Filipino fighter underwent tests to determine the damage inflicted by the knockout blow.

Marquez stuns Pacquiao in sixth -

Study finds pattern in brain injuries linked to contact sports

BOSTON | Mon Dec 3, 2012 1

(Reuters) - Years of hits to the head in football or other contact sports lead to a distinct pattern of brain damage that begins with an athlete having trouble focusing and can eventually progress to aggression and dementia, a study released on Monday says.

Researchers examining the brains of 85 former athletes and soldiers who sustained multiple mild head injuries over their lives found the condition they developed, chronic traumatic encephalopathy, came in an "ordered and predictable" four-stage pattern.

The condition, which causes depression and erratic behavior, has attracted public concern in recent years following the high-profile suicides of former professional athletes.

Worries about chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, have prompted youth and college football programs around the United States to take steps intended to limit the number of hits to the head athletes experience in practice and games. The National Football League has banned the most dangerous helmet-on-helmet hits.

The latest study, published in the journal Brain by researchers affiliated with Boston University School of Medicine, spells out how the condition progresses through four stages that can begin with mild memory loss, progress to cognitive failure and eventually bring on aggression.

1. Symptoms of stage one CTE include headache and loss of attention. 

2. Stage two sufferers may face depression, outbursts of anger and short-term memory loss. 

3. Those in stage three encounter executive dysfunction and cognitive impairment. 

4. Symptoms of the most severe fourth stage include dementia, aggression and difficulty finding words.


Researchers are now able to chart CTE's progression in the brains of dead people who had suffered from the condition originally known as "dementia pugilistica" for its occurrence in boxers. 

But they remain unable to diagnose it in the living.

"Until we do that, we can't fully understand the risk factors, we can't understand how common it is," said Robert Stern, a Boston University professor and co-author of the study. "The goal would be to have a variety of measures of this predictive pattern in the brain while someone is alive."

Stern said he was working on tests that would diagnose the condition early, by using magnetic resonance imaging or testing for specific proteins linked to the problem.

The research found CTE was closely linked to the number of years an athlete played football, but not directly tied to the number of concussions sustained.

That suggests a steady diet of mild hits to the head, rather than a handful of more traumatic injuries, brings on CTE, Stern said.

He cautioned the condition would not develop in all athletes and suggested that concerns about CTE should not prompt parents of young players to pull their children from the sport, though he said parents should closely monitor how the game is played.

"We don't want people to feel that they're going to get this early dementia just because they had a concussion or two," Stern said. "This is a disease of total, overall repetitive brain trauma."

On Saturday, Kansas City Chiefs linebacker Jovan Belcher shot and killed his girlfriend and then shot himself in front of the team's coach and general manager in an act that shocked fans of the National Football League. While CTE can bring on confusion, depression and violent behavior, there was no evidence Belcher's actions were related to brain injury.

Belcher was only 25 and had played in the league four seasons. Other prominent suicides involved players with longer careers including Junior Seau in May, Ray Easterling in April and Dave Duerson last year.

"An individual's suicide and aggressive behavior at such a young age is so multi-factoral, it is such a complex issue, that you can't jump to the conclusion that CTE is the cause of any individual's behavior," Stern said.

(Reporting By Scott Malone; Editing by Daniel Trotta and Xavier Briand)


Study finds pattern in brain injuries linked to contact sports | Reuters


Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Boxing's Fading Relevance |suggested inBleacher Report

 Although the article was not about the heavyweight division, it included this great picture of the brothers who have dominated the big boy class for years now.   It was hard to resist posting this such a brotherly pose by these two great athletes.  Vitali looks bigger although they get reported in the 'tale of the tape' as being the same height...


In past years, the heavyweight division was the one that everyone cared about. From Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier in the 1970s to Mike Tyson and Evander Holyfield in the 1990s, people wanted to see who was the heavyweight champ.

At this point, however, the top two boxers in the division are Wladimir and Vitali Klitschko, and they refuse to fight each other. With no other contenders even close, the entire division has been a wasteland.

Hi-res-111800948_crop_exact Andreas Rentz/Getty Images 

Pacquiao vs. Marquez: Rematch Indicative of Boxing's Fading Relevance | Bleacher Report

Trout Beats Cotto to Keep W.B.A. Title

Ray Stubblebine/Reuters

Austin Trout's southpaw style gave Miguel Cotto, left, trouble throughout the fight.


Several days before attempting to defend his World Boxing Association super welterweight title against Miguel Cotto at Madison Square Garden, Austin Trout declared “I’m the present and future of the sport.”
  Trout, 27, backed up those words Saturday night by refusing to let the 32-year-old Cotto, a four-time champion, catch up with him.

Trout (26-0 with 14 knockouts) soundly beat Cotto (37-4, 30 knockouts) in a 12-round unanimous decision before 13,096 spectators, many of them cheering and waving Puerto Rican flags in support of Cotto — a native of Caguas, P.R. — and loudly booing Trout.
Trout’s southpaw style gave Cotto trouble throughout, as Cotto had a tough time attempting to square up the champion and attack him with any consistency.

Though quiet outside the ring, Cotto has spoken loudly with his fists since turning pro in 2001. Along the way, Cotto has earned millions on the strength of his reputation for taking on the toughest fighters of his generation, and Trout was no exception.

In recent years, Cotto has been doing battle with a steady stream of marquee opponents.........

A version of this article appeared in print on December 2, 2012, on page SP10 of the New York edition with the headline: Shaken in First, Cotto Is Beaten After 12th.

Trout Beats Cotto to Keep W.B.A. Title -

Chiefs Linebacker Kills Woman and Later, With Coach Watching, Himself -

With his coach looking on, a Kansas City Chiefs linebacker shot and killed himself outside the team’s practice facility Saturday morning, less than an hour after he killed his girlfriend, according to the police.

Bill Wippert/Associated Press

Jovan Belcher, who grew up on Long Island, started all but two games in the past three seasons with the Chiefs.

Ed Zurga/Associated Press

Friends and former teammates said Belcher was mild-mannered and quiet and that the news came as a shock.

The first shooting occurred at a house on Crysler Avenue in downtown Kansas City.

Belcher thanked Coach Romeo Crennel, left, and General Manager Scott Pioli before shooting himself, the police said.

The player was identified as Jovan Belcher, 25, said Darin Snapp, a spokesman for the Kansas City Police Department, and his girlfriend was identified as Kasandra Perkins, 22.

The harrowing morning began at a house on Crysler Avenue in Kansas City, Mo., that Belcher shared with Perkins. About 7 a.m., with his mother and his infant daughter in another room, Belcher shot Perkins multiple times, Snapp said.

When the police arrived after the shooting, Belcher’s mother, Cheryl E. Shepherd, told them that her son had shot Perkins, Snapp said. Shepherd told the police that Perkins was like her own daughter, and that it was not immediately clear what had triggered the violence. Perkins was taken to a hospital, where she died a short time later, the police said.

After shooting Perkins, the police said, Belcher made the 15-minute drive to the team’s practice facility at Arrowhead Stadium.

The Kansas City police received a call a little after 8 a.m. from a member of the Chiefs’ security staff who said that he saw Belcher pull up to the parking lot with a gun and that Belcher was threatening suicide, Snapp said. When the officers arrived, they saw Coach Romeo Crennel, General Manager Scott Pioli and another Chiefs employee, who was not identified, standing in the parking lot talking to Belcher.

Snapp said that they had been talking about four or five minutes — the time it took for the police to arrive. As the officers pulled up, Belcher walked away from Crennel and Pioli and shot himself, Snapp said.

In their preliminary interview with the police, Pioli and Crennel said that they were never threatened by Belcher and never in fear. Belcher thanked them for everything they had done for him since he had been with the Chiefs, Snapp said.

Clark Hunt, the team’s owner, issued a statement that said: “The entire Chiefs family is deeply saddened by today’s events, and our collective hearts are heavy with sympathy, thoughts and prayers for the families and friends affected by this unthinkable tragedy. We sincerely appreciate the expressions of sympathy and support we have received from so many in the Kansas City and N.F.L. communities, and ask for continued prayers for the loved ones of those impacted.”

According to his biography with the Chiefs, Belcher played linebacker, offensive tackle, nose guard and fullback at West Babylon High School on Long Island. In his senior year, the team was undefeated in the regular season for the first time. He was also a three-time prep all-American as a wrestler. During his four-year career at the University of Maine, Belcher started every game; as a junior he was an Associated Press second-team all-American. But he was not drafted by an N.F.L. team.

In 2009, he signed as a free agent with the Chiefs and proved himself on the practice squad and on special teams, not an unusual path for an undrafted player from a lower-level program.

From there, Belcher’s rise was rapid. He started 15 of 16 games at linebacker in 2010, and every game last season. This year, he started 10 of the 11 games the Chiefs have played, with 38 tackles.

The Chiefs, who are 1-10 this season, announced Saturday afternoon that they would play Sunday’s game against the Carolina Panthers as scheduled at Arrowhead.

Fans have persistently called for the firing of the team’s top management. But after news of the shooting, a demonstration against the team’s leadership that had been planned for Sunday’s game was called off. On Facebook, a group calling itself Save Our Chiefs released a statement that said, “We feel that tomorrow’s game is neither the proper place nor the proper time to continue these activities, but rather tomorrow’s game should be a time for all fans to come together and help this team recover from a great tragedy.”

Joe Linta, the agent for Belcher and Crennel, said Saturday that he had not yet spoken to Crennel but that he had been stunned by the news.

“I had every reason to believe he was a well-spoken, articulate man who exhibited a lot of genuineness,” Linta said of Belcher in a telephone interview. “We identified him coming out of college as a kid who was a good athlete and a good person.”

Linta said Belcher and Crennel, who is often called by his nickname RAC, had “tremendous” respect for each other.

“Romeo told me that from Day 1, Javon thought the world of RAC, and that makes it all the more tragic,” Linta said.

Linta, who is based in New Haven, added that Belcher had appeared at charity events in Connecticut.

“When you deal with a kid who you have seen nothing but genuineness and charity, interacting with inner-city kids, the way he acted around anybody he came across up here, everybody he met would say, ‘What a pleasant kid,’ ” Linta said. “You would have to look long and hard to find somebody that didn’t speak glowingly about him.”

He added, “Numb and shock, that’s the way to describe it.”

Friends and former teammates said Belcher was mild-mannered and quiet and that the news came as a shock.

Anthony Becht, who was a tight end for the Chiefs last season and whose locker was just a few stalls away from Belcher’s, said he never saw any hints of problems in his personal life.

“He’s a very quiet kid, a nice guy — a hard-working kid,” Becht said. “He worked his way up from a small college to being a starter in the N.F.L. You never know what would trigger that. I would never — if I’d try to think of someone who would do this, I wouldn’t have ever thought it was this kid.”

Becht added: “There was nothing about him that seemed abnormal; it’s not like he was on the field ripping guys’ heads off. He was a hard-nosed player, he practiced hard; in the locker room, he’d hang out. What could have caused him to make him do that?”

Belcher and Perkins’s daughter, Zoey Michelle, was featured on Perkins’s Instagram page. It includes photographs of Perkins while she was pregnant, at the Chiefs’ complex and in the hospital holding Zoey, who was born Sept. 11. One photograph shows a smiling Perkins and Belcher with the baby. Zoey was unharmed, the police said, and was in the care of Shepherd, Belcher’s mother.

Snapp, in televised briefings with local stations, said there were reports of trouble between Belcher and Perkins. “We had heard that they had been arguing in the past,” Snapp said.

In West Babylon, at the home of Shepherd, friends and relatives gathered Saturday to toast him, playing songs and displaying photos and football memorabilia.

“I couldn’t believe it,” said Ruben Marshall, 42, a family friend who had coached Belcher in the town’s youth football league. “I didn’t want to believe it. He was a good man. A good, loving father, a family man.”

Angela Macropoulos contributed reporting from West Babylon, N.Y.

This article has been revised to reflect the following correction:

Correction: December 1, 2012

A previous version of this article misstated the surname for Jovan Belcher’s mother, Cheryl. It is Shepherd, not Miles.

Chiefs Linebacker Kills Woman and Later, With Coach Watching, Himself -

Head Injuries: Boston University Study Finds Link Between Brain Damage and Repeated Concussions - Massachusetts Injury Lawyer Blog

  December 3, 2012

Head Injuries: Boston University Study Finds Link Between Brain Damage and Repeated Concussions


In a new study, Boston University School of Medicine researchers autopsied the brains of deceased athletes who suffered repeated concussions and found the majority showed signs of a degenerative brain disorder called chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE).

The researchers autopsied 85 deceased brain donors, including 82 athletes. This included 34 professional football players. Researchers found a buildup of an abnormal brain protein called tau in 68 brain donors. By contrast, they autopsied 18 brains with no known trauma and found no protein buildup. Tau is associated with CTE, a degenerative condition linked to memory loss, depression and dementia.

The autopsies found the most extensive brain damage in the professional athletes who died after age 50. They experienced the most severe memory loss and personality changes in their final years.

The football players included National Football League (NFL) Hall of Famers running back Ollie Matson and Colts tight end John Mackey. Both died last year after suffering from dementia.

The researchers also described the four stages of CTE. In the first stage, the injured individual experiences headaches and trouble concentrating. Symptoms progress to depression, aggression and short-term memory loss, followed by serious cognitive impairment and dementia.

Last spring, more than 3,000 former players filed a lawsuit against the National Football League, claiming the league hid information about football-related head injuries. The NFL claims the head injury lawsuits have no merit and asked a federal court in Philadelphia to dismiss more than 100 injury claims, saying they should be resolved through the NFL's collective bargaining process rather than the courts.

Many states, including Massachusetts, have also implemented laws in recent years which mandate concussion training for high school athletes and provide rules for how long students must sit out after a head injury.

The research was reported in the journal Brain.

Head Injuries: Boston University Study Finds Link Between Brain Damage and Repeated Concussions - Massachusetts Injury Lawyer Blog


Thirty-one Inch Biceps Are The Biggest In The Entire World

This man's accomplishment is the result of almost fanatical self-discipline in working the weights to create a very unbalanced looking body.  His upper arms belong on a body twice his height or more while the rest of his body looks normal.  

Different strokes for different folks is the only way to explain it.  Who can judge a person chasing his ideal and succeeding... the Guinness Book of Records says it all.  He has set the bar for other body builders.


Moustafa Ismail’s Grotesque 31 Inch Biceps Are The Biggest In The Entire World |

Monday, December 3, 2012

The Killings of Stanley Ketchel


The Killings of Stanley Ketchel

Blake, James Carlos (eBook - 2005)
The Killings of Stanley Ketchel
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Stanley Ketchel, a legendary ragtime-era middleweight boxing champion and daring rakehell, has a brief and meteoric life that burns with violence and tragedy in and out of the ring.

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The Killings of Stanley Ketchel | Vancouver Island Regional Library | BiblioCommons